Paper 6: Commercial & Industrial Laws and Auditing (One Paper: 3
B. Auditing ( 50 Marks)
1. Auditing Basics 10%
Major influences of auditing; nature and scope
of auditing; basic concepts of auditing; role of evidence in auditing; auditing
techniques and practices – generally accepted auditing standards; the concept
of materiality in auditing.
Fixed assets, investments, inventories,
debtors, loans and advances, cash and bank balances, debentures and creditors,
provisions for taxation, proposed dividend and gratuity – other items in the
balance sheet; verification of items in the profit and loss account; contingent
liabilities; disclosure of accounting policies, practice; expenditure during
the period of construction; adjustments for previous year – provisions of the
Companies Act, 1956 regarding accounts. Restructure
Statistical sampling in auditing. Use of
ratios and percentages for comparison and analysis trends - inter-firm and intra-firm
2. Companies Act Provisions relating to Audits 10%
Auditors' appointment, remuneration, removal,
rights of statutory auditors, duties of statutory auditors, joint
report versus certificate, contents of the
reports, qualifications in the report.
relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956
and the Income-tax Act, 1961.
Interface between statutory auditor and
3. Review and Audit of Internal Control
Nature and scope of internal auditing,
financial versus operational audit; concepts of efficiency audit, propriety
audit, Voucher audit, compliance audit, pre and post audits.
Internal auditing function
Planning and process of internal audit
Verification of evidence, detailed checking
versus sampling plans, statistical sampling as used in internal auditing; flow
Internal control, nature and scope, internal
auditor and internal controls.
Field work, collecting evidences, interviews;
Audit notes and working papers.
Audit reports - techniques of effective
reporting; follow up of audit report.
Summary reports of top management.
Communications in internal auditing -
improving auditor-auditee relationship.
Scope of Audit Committee
Internal audit and investigation of fraud
4. Information System Audit. 10%
5. Introduction to Management Audit. 5%